Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan’s respect for the ancient Vijaynagar Kings

Hayavadana Rao writes that in July 1776, Haidar Ali crossed the Tungabhadra in basket boats at Anegundi. The chief of Anegundi Tirumala Raya , a descendant of the illustrious kings of Vijaynagar, submitted to Haidar with an offer of ‘a lakh of rupees’.

Haidar in view of ‘the high rank of Tirumala Raya and their former greatness – they had ruled the country of the two karnatics and even the Deccan from the forts of Malabar to the banks of the Narmada being subject to their authority at one time’ excused him from the payment of his ‘Peshkush’-tribute, and sent him an honorary dress, confirming him in all possessions. Haidar also continued the old practise of allowing the Raya the honour of maintaining a mint at Anegundi. The Raya was then drawing about two and a half lakh rupees every year from his dominions that now extended only about twenty miles around the ruins of Hampi.

Tipu also inherited his father’s and the people of Mysore’s love and respect for the ancient kings of Vijaynagara. Captain Rennell is quoted in ‘A narration of operations of Captain Little’s detachment’ written in 1794 by Edward Moor –

“I conceive that the reason of Tippoo wishing to retain the circar of Annagoondy instead of giving it to the Nizam or Marathas, in common with the rest of the lands in the Doab(after peace was forced on Tipu post his defeat in the third Mysore war where he was forced to cede more than half of Mysore), was for the accomodation of the ancient kings of Beejaenuggur,whose present narrow domain consists of the above circar, which includes the site and scanty remains of the ancient capital. As we ought to suppose a good motive, while appearances warrant it, Tippoo deserves great credit for his conduct on this occasion’

This is a very important point that Rennell makes here which shows that Haidar and Tipu strove to establish themselves as the inheritors of the great mantle of the Vijaynagar kings and in this process create a ‘Greater Karnataka’ that together the two of them did manage to establish till their defeat in 1792 by the combined English, Maratha and Nizam’s forces led by Cornwallis.

And sadly after the defeat of Mysore, the Rayas of Anegundi lost their principality when in 1824, in a treaty between the British and the Nizam into whose state Anegundi was added after Tipu’s death, the family was pensioned off with Rs. 300 made out to the King’s family. They were forced to leave Hampi, the seat of their capital and make Anegundi town their official residence where their descendants still remain.

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About Olikara

An engineer, history buff, collector of South Indian antiques.
This entry was posted in Anecdotes in Kannada history, Tipu Sultan & his times. Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan’s respect for the ancient Vijaynagar Kings

  1. ibrahim says:

    lovely

  2. ibrahim says:

    ”Haidar in view of ‘the high rank of Tirumala Raya and their former greatness – they had ruled the country of the two karnatics and even the Deccan from the forts of Malabar to the banks of the Narmada being subject to their authority at one time’ excused him from the payment of his ‘Peshkush’-tribute, and sent him an honorary dress, confirming him in all possessions. Haidar also continued the old practise of allowing the Raya the honour of maintaining a mint at Anegundi. The Raya was then drawing about two and a half lakh rupees every year from his dominions that now extended only about twenty miles around the ruins of Hampi.”

    only great rulers can do this, this shows his respect not just to the vijaynagar empire but to Hindus too

  3. Pingback: The Goddess and a Sultan: Hindu Coinage of Tipu Sultan | The Seringapatam Times

  4. Pingback: Last of the rayas: An eyewitness account of the defeat and death of Rama Raya of Vijaynagara at Talikota | The Seringapatam Times

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